• Existence
    • Perception
    • Cosmos
    • Destiny
    • Totality

Beyond Mind

Search

Whoz Online

We have 20 guests and no members online

Print

Male needs Polygyny, Man finds Monogamy II

Male needs Polygyny, Man finds Monogamy Problem Part

The problem part continues here . . .

The meeting of a male and a female for the continuity of their species is called mating. Different mating strategies have been developed by different species according to their ecological and other cultural constraints of a society. Humans around the world have adopted all of the mating strategies that were utilized by their mammalian ancestors depending on the environment of a society. The important strategies are Polygyny, Polyandry (both of them can be called commonly as Polygamy)

Polygyny:

The oldest mating strategy is the Polygyny. Polygyny is the most dominant mating strategy in mammals. Polygyny is the default mating strategy among many mammals including the human species’ close primate relatives: the gorilla and the chimpanzee.  This is a mating system in which a male fertilizes the eggs of several females in a breeding season. This strategy is in accordance with the Darwin’s theory of sexual selection, according to which a male competes for a female and a female selects out of the available males. 

This mating strategy of polygyny compels males to have better genes and greater resources. In this mating system males are able to produce the maximum number of offspring by mating with as many females as possible. Polygyny is also the dominant mating strategy in human societies.

Polyandry:

Polyandrous societies are rare in mammals because of the minimal production of offspring. Polyandry is defined as a mating system in which a female has several partners in a breeding season. There are no real reproductive benefits to this particular mating strategy especially for the males. 

There is no guarantee that by copulating with a female that he will be the father of her offspring. In certain cases, the male will mate with a female and leave to mate with another. In other cases of polyandry, the female will retain all of her suitors to assist her in raising her offspring even without certain paternity.

Polyandry is more popular in birds than mammals because the father is capable of taking care of the offspring. In birds, neither male nor female produce milk and the offspring eat solid food upon hatching. 
The percentage of polyandrous societies in humans is higher than the percentage of polyandrous individuals in the animal kingdom. 

The existence of polyandrous communities in humans usually arises from the need to consolidate resources. In the Himalayas, brothers will marry the same wife and all of their property will be inherited by the offspring. The property, which is a precious and rare resource, is not divided among offspring and it remains in the family. 

Prostitution is another form of polyandry even though reproduction is removed from the situation. A woman will mate with several men, to the knowledge of her other suitors. Many men are providing for her offspring (if any) and may protect her in when she is in trouble. In south India the tradition of Devdasi was prevalent for a long time.

Monogamy:

Monogamy is a mating system in which one male will mate with one female in a breeding season. In this strategy, there are two parents raising the offspring and therefore the offspring have a better chance of surviving to reproductive age. The male also has a guaranteed mate and is certain of the offspring’s paternity. He is also able to protect his offspring from other males who may want to mate with his female and will often kill the infant to do so.

Interestingly Monogamy is a conscious socio-cultural value; a value of human discretion. It should have not been studied here an article on biological evolutionary tactics. But there are some traces of Monogamy in the animal world also. Examples of monogamy among primates include the black hand gibbon of the Southeast Asian rainforest, the tufted ear marmoset of the Brazilian rainforest, and the Dusky tit in the South American rainforest. The gibbons often share parenting responsibilities equally while in the latter two species, the male takes care of the infants. Except gibbons, other two species have adopted it due to ecological compulsions. In case of gibbons, the scarcity of resources was found to have compelled them to have resort to this mode of mating.

In this mating the male limits his number of offspring but guarantees that his offspring will grow successfully. The male does it so consciously against biological compulsions. In humans, males and females want different things from their mates and monogamy is the compromise between the two sexes. 

Females want a partner who is willing to share the parenting responsibilities. The male on the other hand wants a dedicated female who will be loyal to him and guarantee the paternity of her offspring but he also wants to have sex with as many females as possible. 

The female wants a male who is willing to dedicate all of his resources to her and her offspring.

If it is so systematic they why daily there are news about sex scandals in name of politicians, sportsmen, common person or other celebrities. Is there some disparity in the “mating availability” and the “mating requirements”.
Leaving it aside politically, is it Biologically justified to raise finger to Bill Clinton or Tiger Woods? Should this problem be not viewed from a platform different from the present political (including moral, legal and cultural etc.) platform?

 

Now this Article finds conclusion in its final part 

Male Needs Polygyny, Man Finds Monogamy III (Solution Part)

Polygyny: 

The oldest mating strategy is the Polygyny. Polygyny is the most dominant mating strategy in mammals. Polygyny is the default mating strategy among many mammals including the human species’ close primate relatives: the gorillas and the chimpanzees.  This is a mating system in which a male fertilizes the eggs of several females in a breeding season. This strategy is in accordance with the Darwin’s theory of sexual selection, according to which a male competes for a female and a female selects out of the available males. 

This mating strategy of polygyny compels males to have better genes and greater resources. In this mating system males are able to produce the maximum number of offspring by mating with as many females as possible. Polygyny is also the dominant mating strategy in human societies.

 

 

 

Light in Life YouTube Videos

YOU MAY VISIT ALL THE VIDEOS OF PRATAP SHREE HERE

TOP